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A multidisciplinary intervention to prevent subsequent falls and health service use following fall-related paramedic care: a randomised controlled trial.

TitleA multidisciplinary intervention to prevent subsequent falls and health service use following fall-related paramedic care: a randomised controlled trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsA Mikolaizak, S, Lord, SR, Tiedemann, A, Simpson, P, Caplan, GA, Bendall, J, Howard, K, Webster, L, Payne, N, Hamilton, S, Lo, J, Ramsay, E, O'Rourke, S, Roylance, L, Close, JC
JournalAge Ageing
Volume46
Issue2
Pagination200-207
Date Published03/2017
ISSN1468-2834
Abstract

Background: approximately 25% of older people who fall and receive paramedic care are not subsequently transported to an emergency department (ED). These people are at high risk of future falls, unplanned healthcare use and poor health outcomes.

Objective: to evaluate the impact of a fall-risk assessment and tailored fall prevention interventions among older community-dwellers not transported to ED following a fall on subsequent falls and health service use.

Design, setting, participants: Randomised controlled trial involving 221 non-transported older fallers from Sydney, Australia.

Intervention: the intervention targeted identified risk factors and used existing services to implement physiotherapy, occupational therapy, geriatric assessment, optometry and medication management interventions as appropriate. The control group received individualised written fall prevention advice.

Measurements: primary outcome measures were rates of falls and injurious falls. Secondary outcome measures were ambulance re-attendance, ED presentation, hospitalisation and quality of life over 12 months. Analysis was by intention-to-treat and per-protocol according to self-reported adherence using negative binominal regression and multivariate analysis.

Results: ITT analysis showed no significant difference between groups in subsequent falls, injurious falls and health service use. The per-protocol analyses revealed that the intervention participants who adhered to the recommended interventions had significantly lower rates of falls compared to non-adherers (IRR: 0.53 (95% CI : 0.32-0.87)).

Conclusion: a multidisciplinary intervention did not prevent falls in older people who received paramedic care but were not transported to ED. However the intervention was effective in those who adhered to the recommendations.

Trial registration: the trial is registered at the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN 12611000503921, 13/05/2011.

DOI10.1093/ageing/afw190
Alternate JournalAge Ageing
PubMed ID28399219
English
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