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A mixed methods evaluation of yoga as a fall prevention strategy for older people in India.

TitleA mixed methods evaluation of yoga as a fall prevention strategy for older people in India.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKeay, L, Praveen, D, Praveen, D, Rajasekhar, KV, Tiedemann, A, Thomas, V, Jagnoor, J, Sherrington, C, Ivers, RQ
JournalPilot Feasibility Stud
Volume4
Pagination74
Date Published05/2018
ISSN2055-5784
Abstract

<p><b>Background: </b>Falls are an emerging public health issue in India, with the impact set to rise as the population ages. We sought to evaluate the acceptability, feasibility and likely impact of a yoga-based program aimed at improving balance and mobility for older residents in urban India.</p><p><b>Methods: </b>Fifty local residents aged 60 years and older were recruited from urban Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. They were invited to attend a 1-h yoga class, twice weekly for 3 months. Mixed methods were used to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility (qualitative) and likely impact (quantitative). Two focus groups and eight interviews with participants were conducted to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of a yoga program. Thematic analysis was conducted in context of perceptions, barriers and benefits of yoga participation and fall ascertainment. Physical performance using the Short Physical Performance Battery, fear of falling, blood pressure and weight loss were measured before and after the program.</p><p><b>Results: </b>The interviews and focus groups provided insights into the preferred format for classes, including session times, level of supervision and location. Improvements were seen in the Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International (Short FES-I (15.9 ± 4.0 vs 13.8 ± 2.1 s,  = 0.002)), the number of steps taken in the timed 4-m walk (T4MW (9.0 ± 1.8 vs 8.6 ± 1.8,  = 0.04)), Short FES-I scores (9.4 ± 2.9 vs 8.6 ± 2.9,  = 0.02) and weight (63.8 ± 12.4 vs 62.1 ± 11.6,  = 0.004) were lower. No changes were seen in standing balance, blood pressure or T4MW time.</p><p><b>Conclusion: </b>Yoga was well accepted and resulted in improved ability to rise from a chair, weight loss, increased step length and reduced fear of falling. These results provide impetus for further research evaluating yoga as a fall prevention strategy in India.</p>

DOI10.1186/s40814-018-0264-x
Alternate JournalPilot Feasibility Stud
PubMed ID29736256
PubMed Central IDPMC5928579
English